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Learning Scenario
Problem solving
Last updated 10/10/2013, by Maria Fragkaki
It is based on "Problem solving" template
Domain: Special Educational Needs, Foreign Language Learning, ICT, Mathematics, Music, Science, Business Studies, belief and practice, Social Studies>Religion
Teaching approach
Problem Solving Method Problem solving is a mental process and is part of the larger problem process that includes problem finding and problem shaping. Considered the most complex of all intellectual functions, problem solving has been defined as higher-order cognitive process that requires the modulation and control of more routine or fundamental skills Basic characteristics • Problem solving involves goal-directed thinking and action in situations for which no routine solutions exist. • The problem solver has a more or less well defined goal, but it is not immediately obvious how to reach it. • The understanding of the problem situation and its step-by-step transformation based on planning and reasoning, constitute the process of problem solving. • Problem Solving method can be applied in distance and blended learning
Author(s)Name: Dr. Maria Fragkaki Organization: Open University of Cyprus Role: teacher of Primary Education
Description/ main idea

The problem solving method refers to authentic themes that cover a greater variety of topics. These themes derive from the particular interests of the students, their needs, problems, and questions that emerge from daily-life experiences and anxieties. In most cases, these problems concern global social-ethical-political human-environmental themes/problems.

This description of the problem solving method structures teaching-learning process in 6 phases and gives a domain-general overview of the activities within each phase. Teachers can use this general description to add the learning content in the empty cells of this template

Problem Observation & Expression

Students with their teacher enunciate on the subject of the problem and describe it. Impress their personal theories about it. 

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Aims /goals Definition & Research questions

Students with their teacher define and write their aims/goals, set their research questions and program their actions.

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Problem Management- Analysis
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Solutions Evaluation & Reflection

Students compose evaluation criteria; criticize the given solutions by judging, checking and monitoring. They are make reflections (on-action & inaction), and transformations by reconstructing their initial opinions. At the end of the process they suggest the proper solutions. 

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Resolution of the Problem- Propositions
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Result Announcement

Students announce their opinions, results and propositions to the


wider educational and social framework. 

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