HEALTH EFFECTS OF INDOOR FUNGAL BIOAEROSOL EXPOSURE

HEALTH EFFECTS OF INDOOR FUNGAL BIOAEROSOL EXPOSURE
Original hosted in "MACE", contributed by Social Updater on 12/03/2015
Objective To review current data on the health effects of indoor fungal bioaerosol exposure based on published studies. Methods We conducted MEDLINE search and reviewed all English language studies on indoor mold exposure (visible survey or objective sampling) and human health effects published from 1966 to January 2002. Main findings of the studies are analyzed in conjunction with plausible association of health effects and fungal exposure. Results Five case control studies, 16 cross-sectional surveys and 7 case reports met the selection criteria. Current evidence suggests that excessive moisture promotes mold growth and is associated with an increased prevalence of symptoms due to irritation, allergy, and infection. However, specific toxicity due to inhaled fungal toxins has not been scientifically established. Conclusions Methods for assessing indoor bioaerosol exposure and health effects are not well standardized, making interpretation of existing data difficult. Additional studies are needed to document human exposure-disease and dose-response relationships.
Tags: bioaerosols, indoor air quality, mold, allergy, mycotoxins
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