Guidelines for the integration of sustainable agriculture and rural development into agricultural policies. (FAO agricultural policy and economic development series 4)
Original hosted in "Organic.Edunet", contributed by Social Updater
A principle of sustainability is that we pass on to the next generation a stock of resources that is at least as productive as the stock we have today. However, since it is neither necessary nor rational to strive to make every sub-system sustainable, this principle needs to beapplied at the highest relevant system level. It is also not necessary and not even possible to pass on an enhanced stock of every type of resource. Substitution of resources will be possible as future generations substitute resources that are relatively more abundant for those that have grown scarce. In agriculture, the substitution of human capital - in the shape of knowledge about improved technologies - for land and labour, has been important in the past and will be at least as important in the future.
Policy objectives for SARD may be summed up as the pursuit of the goals of growth, equity, efficiency and sustainability. Growth is important to meet the food needs of growing populations with rising incomes and to provide continued sustainable livelihoods for rural people in the future. Equity is important in terms of the relief of poverty and deprivation for this and future generations.