Guidelines for coordinated human and animal brucellosis surveillance
Original hosted in "Organic.Edunet", contributed by Social Updater
Although brucellosis has been, or is close to being, eradicated from a number of developed countries, it continues to be a major public and animal health problem in many regions of the world, particularly where livestock are a major source of food and income. There are many reasons why brucellosis remains endemic. These include expansion of livestock herds and flocks, with associated uncontrolled movements; lack of veterinary support services and vaccines; and husbandry practices favouring the spread of infection. Human cases continue to occur following international travel, traditional use of raw milk products and following close contact with infected animals.
The approach to control, prevention, or eradication of brucellosis in a country or region will depend on many factors, such as the level of infection in the herds or flocks, type of husbandry,
economic resources, public health impacts, and potential international trade implications. Decision making by those charged with policy making is likely to be intuitive unless accurate and current epidemiological information is available. The purpose of these general guidelines on surveillance in both human and animal populations is to provide a set of principles and techniques that can be used to develop and monitor new or existing brucellosis control programmes.